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Review of works in the field of ecology
based on Remote Sensing and GIS
on the territory of Central Asia and Kazakhstan
Completed Projects for Specially Protected Nature Territories

Project NameDateCustomerPartnersResults
Elaboration of scientific, technical and economic substantiation for expansion of the territory of “Barsakelmes” State Natural Preserve2004Forest and Hunting Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture of RK(FHC MA RK)-

Cluster sites of the expansion territory of Barsakelmes reserve are situated in the northern part of the eastern coast of the Aral Sea, including the peninsula Barsa-Kelmes, outliers (former islands) Kaskakulan, Uzunkair, the territory of surrounding dried land and new (small) delta of the Syrdarya. The area of the reserve after its expansion is 172 070 ha and is situated in Aral region of Kyzylorda district. The reserve zone with restricted access to the local objects and the buffer zone were established. In addition, environmental corridors Barsa-Kelmes – Kaskakulan and Delta – Kaskakulan were established between the cluster sites.

Substantiation of the Markakol State Natural Reserve expansion based on naturally scientific and technical and economic researches2005FHC MA RK-

The territory of expansion is situated in the limits of Markakol hollow on the southern macroslope of Kurchum range, on the northern macroslope of the range Azutau and near the upstream of the river Kaldjir.

Nature protection activities were to be applied on the territory of 102 971 ha, (75 040 ha is the existing territory and 27 931 ha is the attached territory viewed as a reserve). Besides, it wass recommended to include 68 920 ha in the protective zone.

Substantiation of the Buyrutau National Natural Park expansion based on naturally scientific and technical and economic researches2005FHC MA RK-

SNNP “Buiratau” is planned to be situated on the total area of 125 300 ha on the basis of the State Institution of NNP “Buiratau”, Belodymov and Ereimentau state zoological game reserves and the territory that was previously put aside for Ereimentau state reserve. In addition, the area to the east of the village Belodymovka in the boundaries of Karaganda district was attached. In administration regard, this is a territory of Ereimentau region of Akmola district (northern part occupies 81 664 ha) and of Osakarov region of Karaganda district (southern part occupies 43636 ha).

The zone of reserve regime and the zone of protection regime were established with the sub-zones for:

Recreational use and tourism, restricted economic activity, administration and production activity, reception of visitors.

Substantiation of the Bayanul State National Natural Park expansion based on naturally scientific and technical and economic researches2005FHC MA RK-

The territory of expansion consists of cluster sites: “Muryntal”, “Jilandybulak”, “Salkyntau” and “Jeltau”, situated in Bayanaul region of Pavlodar district and occupying the total area of 17764,8 ha.

One zone of protection regime with the sub-zone for recreational use and tourism was allocated on all four sites and with the sub-zone of restricted economic activity on three sites: «Salkyntau», «Jilandybulak» and «Muryntal».

Substantiation of the  State National Natural Park expansion based on naturally scientific and technical and economic researches2006FHC MA RK-

In the framework of the project it was suggested to join the sites in the delta of the river Charyn in the north-eastern part of the mountain range Ulken-Boguty with the foothills within the limits of Uigur region and the former military polygon the management of which was given by the Ministry of Defense of RK to the akimat of Uigur region. In total the area of expansion occupies 33900 ha.

As a result of the planned changes of the territory, the functional zoning of the whole SNNP was changed and 4 zones were marked out: zone of reserve regime, zone of environmental stabilization, zone of tourism and recreational activity and zone of restricted economic activity.

Development of functional zoning chart of the territory of the state national nature park “Burabai” 2006State national nature park “Burabai” -

Revision of protective regimes and allocation of functional zones on the territory of SNNP “Burabai” were results of changes of the legislation of RK and social and economic conditions in the region.

As a result it was suggested to mark out the following functional zones on the territory of the park:

1) Zone of reserve regime;

2) Zone of environmental stabilization;

3) Zone of tourism and recreational activity;

4) Zone of restricted economic activity.

Protective zone was allocated in order to protect the park’s ecosystems against adverse impacts.

A correction of the technical and economic substantiation and a development of a  general plan of tourism infrastructure in Burabay State National Natural Park2007Administrative Department of the President of RK -

Functional zoning of the territory was corrected in view of the planned construction of tourist and recreational facilities in conformity with the governmental strategies of development of tourism as a whole and especially in Schuchinsk-Borovoye resort zone. Construction and reconstruction of the administrative and production facilities and the residential houses for employees of SNNP are planned: the administrative building and former house of culture, visitors center on the territory of nature museum. Transfer of the production facilities of SNNP and the construction of new production facilities will be continued. Besides, facilities for 7 forestries, 7 sites for animal dieting will be constructed; the nursery with irrigation system was reconstructed. The construction of 3 roadblocks on the roads at the entrance to the territory of the park and tourist viewing sites is planned. 7 checkpoints, facilities for 3 natural and economic systems and fire towers, 5 residential four-room houses, establishment of in-patient clinic for 15 persons under maral-breeding household are being designed. To service tourists in summer time it is planned to construct camping-sites, ethnographic village, encampment for 700 people. Besides, to popularize the water sports and tourism, it is planned to develop the coasts of the lakes Maloye and Bolshoe Chebachye.

To develop the recreation and tourism, it is planned to construct: tourist entertainment center, 10 holiday centers, medical facilities, tourist center “Glade after Abylai han”, forum center with hotel, camping-sites for corporate rest, sporting club and organization of amateur fishing.

A correction of the technical and economic substantiation of Altyn-Emel Nature Park in the part of development of  a general plan of  infrastructure (including functional zoning)2007FHC MA RK“Ecology Busyness Consulting” Ltd.

Functional zoning of the territory was corrected with due account for the designed expansion of the territory of the park and its protective zone (Project of “Ecoproject” Ltd., 2007); besides, the project of inter-household land management that was specially implemented for these purposes was corrected (Almaty Research and Production Center for Land Resources and Land Management, 2007).  Zoning covers the lands of park’s regular use including the existing territory of 161 129 ha and areas of planned expansion – 102 200 ha. Zone of reserve regime, zone of environmental stabilization, zone of tourism and recreational activity and zone of restricted economic activity were marked out. In addition, protective zone was allocated. It is planned to carry out stepwise reconstruction, capital and routine repair of existing checkpoints, to construct 14 additional checkpoints. Almost at all checkpoints it is planned to arrange hotel rooms for 4-10 persons to serve campers and to construct saunas and utility facilities. Roadblocks are planned to be constructed at 2 boundary checkpoints. In view of lack of apartments for regular park’s employees, it is planned to construct five 2-appartment cottages in the village Basshi.

The project provides a number of activities directed at the intensification of nature protection activity of the park combined with the development of ecological tourism and recreation: construction of 2 visitors centers, hydropathic clinic, elite hotel, water sports tourist center on the coast of Kapshagai reservoir, building with a dock in the city of Kapshagai, tourist recreational complex ”Mynbulak”, fishing houses on the bank of Ili river, ornithological station, open historical and archeological museum near the Besshatyr Burial mound, dinosaurs park and paleontologic museum. In addition, it is planned to establish a number of seasonal tourist facilities. Activities on engineering infrastructure and utilities improvement are ensured. The staff list was amended taking into account the changes during the next 10 years. Demand in fixed assets and in organization and expansion of scientific, tourist, environmental and educational activity was estimated. 

A correction of the technical and economic substantiation of Bayanaul State Nature Park in the part of development of  a general plan of  infrastructure (including functional zoning)2007FHC MA RK“Ecology Busyness Consulting” Ltd.  

In the framework of the project, the functional zoning of the territory was corrected. The master plan provides for the construction and reconstruction of administrative and production facilities and residential houses for employees of SNNP: checkpoints, roadblocks, natural and economic systems, forestry offices, covered garages for equipment and tools, storages, fuel storehouses, saw bench, wood-working and carpenter’s workshops. Besides, it is planned to construct the tourist and recreational buildings and facilities on the territory of SNNP: 3 visitors centers with parking areas, 4 parking areas, tourist complex, 2 hunters’ houses, hotel, horse stadium, dendrological park, zoological site, sporting and health-improvement center, 2 ethnographic villages, 5 boating stations, viewing and panorama information sites, training students’ and children’s camping, 13 resting sites with area for tents, temporary parking space and temporary trade sites, 5 points of sports equipment rent, development of swimming areas on the shore of 4 lakes. Activities on engineering infrastructure and utilities improvement are ensured. The staff list was amended taking into account the changes during the next 10 years. Demand in fixed assets and in organization and expansion of scientific, tourist, environmental and educational activity was estimated. 

A correction of the technical and economic substantiation of Kokshetau State Nature Park in the part of development of  a general plan of  infrastructure (including functional zoning)2007FHC MA RK“Ecology Busyness Consulting” Ltd.  

In the framework of the project, the functional zoning of the territory was corrected. It is planned to construct 4-storey building for administrative and household center including garages and warehouses, visitors’ center and museum, offices of the park; to reconstruct the existing production facilities, restoration of residential houses, to construct new residential and production buildings and facilities of all branches of the park along with landscaping of the territory. In addition to the planned construction of the visitors’ center, recreation centers, parking areas and hotels, it is also offered to establish the dendrological parks, stables, zoological sites, fish-farms for fishing tourism, to make ring roads with hard pavement for biking and roller skating and for walking, to construct additional buildings for checkpoints and individual houses near them (4-5 rooms, 1-2 of which will be with heating; sauna or shower, terrace), temporary seasonal tourist facilities.  Activities on engineering infrastructure and utilities improvement are ensured. The staff list was amended taking into account the changes during the next 10 years. Demand in fixed assets and in organization and expansion of scientific, tourist, environmental and educational activity was estimated. 

A correction of the technical and economic substantiation of Ili-Alatau State Nature Park in the part of development of  a general plan of infrastructure (including functional zoning)2007FHC MA RK“Ecology Busyness Consulting” Ltd.  

In the framework of the project, functional zoning of the territory was corrected in view of the planned construction of tourist and recreational facilities in conformity with the governmental strategies of development of tourism as a whole. Master plan provides for the construction and the reconstruction of administrative and production facilities and the residential houses for employees of SNNP are planned: various types of checkpoints, facilities for natural and economic systems, pump houses for nurseries, checkpoints with viewing sites, parking areas, forestry offices, covered garages for equipment and tools. It is planned to construct capital buildings for tourist and recreational purposes (visitors’ centers, guest houses, hotels, stables, skiing and sledge routes, training cableway), as well as seasonal tourist facilities (equipped recreational sites, camps etc.). Activities for protection of ecosystems, for scientific, tourist and environmental and educational activity were developed. The staff list was amended and added. Demand in fixed assets and in organization and expansion of scientific, tourist, environmental and educational activity was estimated. 

Assessment of the current state and mapping of ecosystems, flora and fauna of Markakol part of the project territory “Preservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan Part of Altai-Sayan Ecoregion“2008UNDP-

In the framework of the project, justification in the natural sciences of the creation of specially protected nature territories for the sites of Kaljir, Kabinskiy, Bas-Terekty and Kyzyltas of Markakol part of the project territory “Preservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan Part of Altai-Sayan Ecoregion“ was implemented. For each part the information about natural conditions was provided; landscape and biological biodiversity were assessed; rare, vanishing species of plants and animals were marked out; the choice of the key monitored kinds of flora and fauna was justified. Social and economic situation of Kurshum region of Eastern Kazakhstan district, in the administrative boundaries of which the sites under question are situated has been studied. Current condition of natural environment has been assessed and activities for its protection have been offered. Recreational and balneological resources of the territory, anthropogenic impact on the natural environment have been studied. Recommendations on organization and development of scientific, tourist, environmental and educational activities have been given. Kind and category of specially protected nature territory were suggested. 

A correction of the technical and economic substantiation of Sairam-Ugam State Nature Park in the part of development of  a general plan of infrastructure (including functional zoning)2008FHC -

Functional zoning of the territory was corrected in view of the planned construction of facilities related to the protection of nature territories and facilities for development of tourist and recreation. The condition of the existing facilities of the infrastructure has been reviewed. It is planned to construct 24 additional checkpoints, to do 8 capital and 3 routine repairs of the existing checkpoints and to demolish and to construct at the same place new buildings for cluster checkpoints (20) in which one of the apartments will be a guest one. At every checkpoint it is planned to construct household facilities. At 11 checkpoints it is planned to erect roadblocks with lifting gates. In view of relief particularities and impossibility to construct checkpoints on some sited it is recommended to establish mobile trailers. Due to the lack of apartments for employees it is planned to construct 6 one-apartment cottages in Shymkent and 4 one-apartment cottages in the villages Turar Ryskulov, Kazygurt and in the city of Lenger for regular employees of the park. Concerning the seasonal tourist and recreational facilities it was recommended to establish camps, recreational sites, viewing sites, bivouac glades. The supposed capital construction facilities include visitors’ centers in every branch of the park, tourist centers, tourist complexes, recreation centers, hunting houses, and hotels. The activities for their improvement comprise the construction of saunas, swimming pools, dry closets, sports grounds, utility facilities, trestle-beds etc. In view of the unsatisfactory condition of roads, it is planned to do routine repair of 3 km long asphalt road and capital repair of 118 km of dirt and gravel roads.

A correction of the technical and economic substantiation of Semey Ormany State Nature Park in the part of development of  a general plan of infrastructure (including functional zoning)2008FHC -

In compliance with the Law of RK “On SPNT”, the functional zoning of the territory was corrected. The project provides for capital repair and reconstruction of production facilities of the state forest nature reserve, construction of new checkpoints, housing for employees, purchase of residential houses. To develop tourism, it is planned to construct visitors’ center in the city of Semey, guesthouses for 15-20 people in branches, health-improving recreational center on the lake Shoshkaly (if healing properties of muds and lake water are proved and rent agreement with Akimat is concluded). The recreational center “Mihailovskiye ozera” is already used for the purposes of recreation. In future it is necessary to construct there 4 cottages, warehouse, watch house, point of rent, trade area, stable for 15 horses, and sauna. Besides, it is planned to improve pedestrian, skiing and horse-riding routes, parking area, to purify lakes, to install reservoir for drinking water. It is necessary to install 600 m long power line, to revegetate land in the area of destroyed children’s camps and to equip 5-10 recreational sites. At the recreational center near the lake Vorga it is necessary to additionally construct 2 houses for 4-6 people, 2 houses for 2 persons, kitchens, shower cabs, houses for watchman and service personnel, warehouse, boat station, point of equipment rent, roadblocks and lifting gates, parking areas and to continue the improvement of the territory. It should be notes that it is advisable to implement the planned activities for the recreational centers near the lake Vorga and on the lakes Mihailovskiye only in case of filling of these ponds with water in years of high water. Taking into consideration the forecasts of hydrologists and meteorologists, such favorable conditions can be expected only in the years 2014-2015. Without water in the lake it is necessary to temporarily close down the existing facilities in order to preserve them for future use. in case of partial flooding, it is possible to use these facilities as seasonal ones for short-time recreation. Besides, it is planned to construct the recreational center near the Novoshulbin reservoir: cottages for visitors in various seasons (with heating and summer ones), café, shop, boat station, point of rent, house for service personnel, warehouse, 2 sports grounds, water park, playground, to improve the territory, the coast, shower cabs, parking area, pedestrian and skiing routes, roadblocks and lifting gate, to improve 15-20 seasonal recreational sites. Besides, it is planned to locate the recreational sited in the most convenient places of the Yertys riverbank. Here it is necessary to realize a number of activities on the territory improvement: strengthening of coast, installation of dry closets, benches, tables, places for campfires and cooking.

A correction of the technical and economic substantiation of Karkaralin State Nature Park in the part of development of  a general plan of infrastructure (including functional zoning)2008FHC -

The master plan was developed with due consideration to the territory expansion. Boundaries of protective zone are revised in view of the need to intensify the protection of the spread diffuse and protective forests belonging to the territory of SNNP. It is planned to do capital and routine repair of almost all existing checkpoints, to construct 36 new residential 2-apartment checkpoints with household facilities and hotel buildings, 2 visitors’ centers, to install windmills, solar batteries, telephone communication. It is suggested to locate the areas for acclimatization of game animals, genetic reserve for argali preservation with the hotel, to reconstruct the forest nurseries. To reconstruct natural and economic system taking into account the modern-day requirements. It is planned to repair old and to construct 9 new bridges, boiler house, filling station, 5 helipads, to clean and breed fish in water pools. It is suggested to realize a number of activities for development of tourism and recreation: to create and improve the seasonal recreational sites, tourist camps, regular tent camps, hiding houses for observation of animals and birds, skiing complex, cableway. It is suggested to establish 10 new tourist routes.

A correction of the technical and economic substantiation of Charyn State Nature Park in the part of development of  a general plan of infrastructure (including functional zoning)2008FHC -

In the framework of the project, the functional zoning of the state forest nature reserve was done including the existing territory occupying 93 150 ha and the sites of the planned expansion 33 900 ha. It is planned to additionally construct 5 cluster checkpoints, to do the capital repair of 7 existing checkpoints, to construct and to improve the helipads as well as fire and watchtowers. Besides, it is necessary to do repair and reconstruction of the industrial facilities, to purchase private house near the bridge over the river Charyn, to reconstruct the former office of the forestry to make a guesthouse, to construct 2 summer roadblocks at Temirlik and Charyn, to install 7 lifting gates on the territory, to repair 129 km of paved roads, to drill 5 wells, to construct 3 hydraulic facilities, 4 gutters for irrigation of forest trees, 7 bridges over the irrigation channels from the river Charyn, to install solar and wind plants. With the purpose of development of the tourism and recreation activity at Charyn SNNP, it is necessary to construct the visitors’ center, hotels and cottage complex, ethnographic village, stable near Temirlik, “Site for Just Married” and parking area. It is planned to equip viewing sites, recreational sites, amateur fishing places, and camping area. It is necessary to continue the improvement of the existing tourist routes and to organize the creation of new ones.

Developing natural-scientific and technical-economic justification of territory extension on Ili-Alatay NSNP2008FHC -

The areas supposed for expansion of Ile-Alatau SNNP on the territory of 36909 ha (Decision of the Mayor of Almaty district of 24 June 1998 1998 6-207) are situated on the land of Karasay, Talgar and Enbekshikazakh regions as well as in the limits of the city of Almaty on the territory of 139,5086 ha (nature memorial “Roscha Bauma”). The functional zoning of the joined territories was done. At present time, there are 9 checkpoints at the areas of SNNP expansion. Out of them 1 is private, 1 should be replaced with the skiing center “Ak-bulak” which is currently under construction and 5 checkpoints require capital repair (1 regular repair and 1 checkpoint will be purchased from the state inspector). Besides, it is necessary to purchase 1 summer cottage or house in the village Belbula and 1 house in the microdistrict Duman in Almaty city to make a checkpoint. In total, in the areas of expansion it is planned to construct 8 standard checkpoints, 2 cluster ones, 1 checkpoint with a building for guests, 2 complexes comprising roadblocks, viewing site and parking are, and 1 roadblock. It is necessary to repair 29 km of roads with asphalt pavement, 57 km of road with gravel pavement and 84 km of road without pavement; to construct 25 km of fire and household roads and 3,5 km of asphalt roads. It is planned to repair waterways in the gorge Belshapdar, 12 bridges and to restore a bridge over river Pryamuha. Within the nature memorial “Roscha Bauma” it is necessary to carry out the following activities: to change the status of SPNT; to develop a Development Master Plan; to assess modern-day condition and to do inventory taking; to mark out functional zones taking into account the places for dogs; to restore the irrigation system; to organize nursery with school forestry for plants restoration; to strengthen and to expand logistical infrastructure; to consider the protection of the territory by horse patrolling; to construct two checkpoints; to regularly monitor the stray animals; to hang birdfeeders and to buy grain; to develop a range of activities for pest combat; to improve the territory (benches, garbage bins, dry closets); to organize the monitoring of object’s condition and conduction of integrated biological research. In addition, in the framework of the project it was revealed that the area of Almaty game reserve overlaps with the territory of Ile-Alatau SNNP and SNNP “Kolsai kolderi”.


Developing of natural-science and technical-economic justification of territory expansion of National Park “Burabai”
2009Administrative office of the President-SNNP “Burabai” is planned to be expanded by joining to the Park territory (83 511 hectares) Bulandy forest resources lands (43 409 hectares) and water resources (3 015 hectares) in the limits of Schuchinsky and Enbekshyldersky districts of Akmola oblast. The area of the reserve after its expansion will be 129 935 hectares.   Besides, the functional zoning of the territory was made. The general plan of infrastructure development including the territory of expansion was carried out.

 


A correction of technical and economic substantiation of Katon-Karagai Nature Park in the part of development of a general plan of infrastructure

2009
Forest and Hunting Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture
UNDPIn the framework of the project the functional zoning of the territory was corrected. The following zones were marked out: zone of reserve regime — 126  432 hectares (19,7%); zone of environmental stabilization – 148  662 hectares (23,1%); zone of tourism and recreation activity– 85 168 hectares (13,2%); zone of restricted economic activity– 283 215 hectares (44%).  It was recommended to include 338 463 hectares in the protective zone, 83 000 of which is common for Katon-Karagai and Markakol SNR. It was recommended to combine 10 forestry offices into 5 branches offices: Berelsky (Berelskoe and Rakhmanovskie forestry offices), Urylsky (Archatinskoe and Urylskoe forestry offices), Aksu (Belovo and Ust-Yazovinskoe forestry offices), Shyngystaysky (Chernovinskoe and Shyngystayskoe forestry offices), Altai (Altai and logotype forestry offices). The staff list was amended. It is planned to construct the following buildings and facilities: 2 branch offices, 6 forestry offices, 11 garages, 12 service stations, 5 check-points, 57 cordons, 13 subsidiary farms, 8 stables, 1 workers’ house, 4 storage facilities, 6 fire-observation posts, 42 heater stations, 8 dwelling houses. It is planned to construct the tourist and recreational buildings and facilities on the territory of SNNP: 5 visit centers, 8 recreation centers, 25 guest houses, 1 horse stable, 2 lodges. The following constructions are proposed to be seasonal: 9 pleasure resorts, 4 ecological camps, 6 piers, 3 shops for kumys production, 4 summer houses, 1 car parks. It is necessary to establish 26 hydroelectric power stations, to install 8,5 km of power lines, to build 42 km of earth road, to repair 345 km of earth road, to build 72 bridges and to repair 8 bridges; to build a pinfold for marals (15 m), reforestation fence (7 km) and to expand the nursery. Recommendations on organization and development of scientific, tourist, environmental and educational activities have been given.

A correction of technical and economic substantiation of “Kolsai kolderi" Nature Park in the part of development of a general plan of infrastructure
2009Forest and Hunting Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture-

In the framework of the project, the functional zoning of the territory was corrected. As a result the following zones were marked out: zone of reserve regime – 77888 hectares (48,4%), zone of environmental stabilization – 14225,3 hectares (8,8%); zone of tourism and recreation activity– 9869 hectares (6,1%); zone of restricted economic activity– 59062,7 (36,7%).   Protective zone occupies 38300 hectares. There are 12 cordons which should be repaired or renewed.  It is planned to build 15 single-family houses in Saty, 8 single-family houses in Karabulak, 2 single-family houses in Kurmety. It is necessary to construct 20 single-family and double-family cordons. It is necessary to construct a production basis at the main farm of Saty, fire-chemical station (type 2), woodshop, utility rooms for the nursery, pinfold for marals, irrigation system, forestry offices in Karabulak, Kurmety, Amanzhol. Besides, it is necessary to install 7 lifting gates and 4 check-points. It is planned establishing of kumys farm in Kaiyndy canyon, 2 maral breeding farms in Taldy and Kaskasu canyons, 2 trout farms, 24 bridges 24 foot-bridges. Available infrastructure: 10 cottages, tourist centre and canteen at the Kolsai 1 lake, guest house in Ority tract. It is planned to construct visit center, hotel for 30 people, tourist centers in each forestry branch for 12 — 40 people, 2 lodges in Kurmenty canyon, stables with kumys farm, mountain hotel for 10 people, stairs to Kolsai 2 lake, skiing lodge with all facilities. Recreation zone below Kolsai 1 lake should be renewed. The planned tourist facilities includes: yurts camps (5), viewing sites (1), camps (9) and equipped recreation sites (37). It is planned to lay 11,3 km transmission facilities, 3 , 17 mini hydroelectric power station, 604 km of roads, 316 km of horse tracks, 48 bridges. Total input on infrastructure development is 3044, 45 millions tenge.

 


A correction of technical and economic substantiation for establishing of Tarbagatai Nature Park
2009Forest and Hunting Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture-In accordance with the Program for the conservation and rational use of water resources, wildlife, and development a network of protected areas till 2010, approved by the Government of Kazakhstan dated October 8, 2007, it was proposed to establish Tarbagatai State Nature Reserve. However, during the field investigations and meetings with local people and administration of Urdzhar district it was decided to establish the Tarbagatai State National Nature Park. Local state ageneses join the plan. During the project, comprehensive area assessment was done. Floristic diversity formed by 1640 species of vascular plants, including 492 80 families. It was determined 169 endemics, that are 10% of the fauna. This number consist of 25 Tarbagatai endemics, that is 1,5% of Tarbagatai flora; 35 of them are rare or threatened. The project area inhabit 19 fish species, 2 Amphibia species and 23 reptile species, 272 bird species and 60 mammal species. Rare and threatened species list includes 1 reptile species, 33 bird species (20 nesting) and 6 mammal species. It was suggested to mark out the following functional zones: zone of reserve regim- 19 582 hectares – 13,5%, zone of environmental stabilization  – 44 152 hectares – 30,6%, zone of tourism and recreational activity – 2 567 hectares – 1,8%, zone of restricted economic activity – 78 326 hectares – 54,1%. It is recommended to include 175 000 hectares in protective zone. The suggested organization structure should consist of 12 outlets with 157 staff members and 27 part-time workers. It is planned to construct the following buildings and facilities: office block, attached garage, service station and variable departments, 8 check-points, 62 standard cordons and 2 duplex cordons, horse stables, storehouses, 6 fire- observation posts,   8 dwelling houses. To develop tourism and recreation activities the following constructions are required: visit center, hotel, 4 tourist complex and horse stable. The following constructions are proposed to be seasonal: 24 recreation sites and jurt camp. It is necessary to build 27 bridges; 400 km of earth roads are out a major repair; 8 km of power line, 31 mini hydroelectric power stations should be established. Recommendations on organization and development of scientific, tourist, environmental and educational activities have been given; 7 trips within the SNNP territory have been developed.  Total input on SNNP establishment comes to 10845,769 millions tenge.
Project for reclamation and reservation natural relict “Baum’s Grove” (part 1)2009Forest and Hunting Committee of the Ministry of AgricultureAlmaty City Akimat, Ile-Alatau Nature ReserveIn accordance with the Program for the conservation and rational use of water resources, wildlife, and development a network of protected areas till 2010, approved by the Government of Kazakhstan dated October 8, 2007, the conservation status of natural relict “Baum’s grove” with National significance” was determined on the basis of archive and new data. The comprehensive investigations of relief, climate, soil, flora and fauna have been done. The forest plantation assessment, including pathological researches, has been done. Environmental conditions assessment including: atmospheric air pollution; hydrological conditions and surface water pollution; subterranean waters conditions; soil pollutions; forest plantation conditions; underbrush and grass conditions; collecting of domestic wastes and recycling; sanitary conditions. The conception of creation of historical landscape park with conservation ecosystems as an analogue of natural forest; reconstruction based on sparing methods of sanitary felling, with minimum of introduction, landscape attractiveness improvement have been developed. It includes decoration with small architectural forms in retro style, illumination and pleasure resorts constructing. Conservation status should not be changed.
  In the framework of the project cleaning cutting and planting plan on 15 years was developed; the assortment of plants was suggested. Demand in fixed assets and in organization activities was estimated.

 

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