Growing man's impact and a number of environmental problems make us pay our attention during natural complexes studying to the abiotic component of the landscape. This knowledge is required for solution of different problems concerned with destabilization of ecology. Therefore in the nineties last century, the paradigm of system researches has changed. The ecosystem (landscape and holocoenotic) approach based on idea about object, as to live self-regulated system and environment in which it functions, have been begun to use. Thus all components of an ecosystem are considered in a complex, and the priority is given to live organisms, and all abiotic components are considered as system survival support.
According to the decision of the World ecological forum (Rio de Janeiro, 1992) this approach is used as a methodological basis of three basic nature conservation Conventions of the United Nations: Convention on Biological Diversity, Convention on Climate Change and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
Following services in the field of fundamental research and applied research works are offered:
- Researches of ecosystems status and ecosystem mapping based on the Remote Sensing data.
- Research of dynamics of ecosystems under the influence of various anthropogenic and natural factors
- Territory planning, considering spatial distribution of ecosystems
- Assessment of ecosystems diversity and development of their preservation, monitoring, reclamation, considering their ecological features.
- Development all-component databases (flora, fauna, soils, a relief etc.) with a binding to appointed ecosystems of projected territories.