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Review of works in the field of ecology
based on Remote Sensing and GIS
on the territory of Central Asia and Kazakhstan
Technical and Economic Assessment

The projects on preparation of the technical and economic assessment, creation or expansion of the especially protected natural territory, are carried out at the second stage of the whole complex of the actions connected with the organization or expansion of the SPNT.

        A component part of the TEA is the land ameliorative project -of the allotment of lands to the SPNT, with the description of its limits and co-ordinates. The categories and areas of the lands of owners' and the tenant farmers' lots, which are withdrawn (are bought out) in the complement of the specially protected natural territory; the category and plottages of the owners' and tenant farmers' lots, which are included in the complement of the specially protected natural territories without a withdrawal; and also the borders and areas of the security zone are determined in this document.

        Expenses, connected with the buying back of the owners' and tenant farmers' lots, and (or) connected with the coverage of the losses on their withdrawal, connected with the limitation of the economic activity in the protected zones, and also with a creation of the specially protected natural territories without the withdrawal of earths, are calculated, within the framework of the technical and economic assessment.

In the TEA, the expenses for: the creation of infrastructure and maintenance of the specially protected natural territory, the implementation of the measures on a guard, the protection and renewal of the objects of the state nature reserve stock, are calculated.

 

        The modern state is estimated and the direction of development of the SPNT is determined, the planning organization is given, and the functional zoning of territory is made; the types of the regime of protection and the conditions of the controlled touristic, recreational and limited economic activity of the natural complexes, within the limits of the functional zones with the fixing of the recreational load norms, are determined.

       The General Plan of the development of infrastructure, the intraeconomic structure of the SPNT, the management structure, are developed. The measures for the protection of ecosystems, the history and culture monuments, the engineering protection of areas, from the dangerous geological processes and phenomena, are offered.

        The specific of the research, ecological-educational and recreational activities of the SPNT, is examined. The current status and necessities of the material and technical base are estimated. The economic mechanism of an activity is analyzed. The basic principles of co-operation of the technical base with the physical and corporate persons, are examined .The certificate of the specially protected natural territory is prepared.

 

 

  1. The Bajanaulskiy state national natural park
  2. The Charynskiy state national natural park
  3. The Markakolskiy state natural reserve
  4. The State national natural park "Buiratau "
  5. The Barsakelmesskiy state natural reserve

                                                                                                                                    

                                               FUNCTIONAL ZONING

             The functional zoning of the specially protected natural territories, within the framework of the projects on preparation of the technical and economic assessment, and of the creation or expansion of the SPNT, in accordance with the current nature protection legislation, is conducted.

           In the course of the functional zoning on the territory of the SPNT, the type of the regime of protection and conditions of the controlled touristic, recreational and limited economic activity of the natural complexes, within the limits of the functional zones with the fixing of the recreational load norms, are taken into account.

On the whole territory of the state natural reserves and the state monuments of nature, the zone of the protected regime is set, which is providing the guard and renewal of the biological variety of the state natural preserve and its security zone, and the control of the territory use for the ecological-educational, scientific and limited touristic purposes.

            On the territory of the state national natural parks, the following zones are assigned: of the protected regime, of the ecological stabilizing, of the tourist and recreational activities, of the limited economical activity.

In the zone of the protected regime, the economic activity or the recreational usage of the territory of the state national natural park is forbidden, and the protected regime of guard is set.

 

            In the zone of the ecological stabilizing, the protected regime of guard is set, with the prohibition of the economical and recreational activities, except the regulable ecological tourism and the realizing of the measures on renewal of the defective natural complexes and the objects of the state nature reserve stock.

           In the zone of the tourist and recreational activity, the ordered regime of guard is set, it is providing the saving of the natural complexes and the objects of the state nature reserve stock, on the territory of which the regulable touristic and recreational use (except for a hunt) is assumed, including the organization of the tourist routes, paths, a placing of the bivouac stands and the observation grounds, taking into account the norms of the recreational loads.

          The administrative-economic objects take place in the zone of the limited economical activity; the activity, that is necessary for the providing of guard, and functioning of the state national natural park, and for the service of its visitors, including the organization of the amateur (sporting) hunt and fishing, is carried out; also the building and the exploitation of the recreational centers, hotels, campsites, museums and other objects of the tourists servicing, are carried out.

          On territory of the state nature preserves, of the zones with the different types of the regime of guard and use are setting : the zone of the protected regime ( is for the long-term saving of the genetic resources, of a biodiversity, of the ecological systems and landscapes); the buffer zone(for the realization of the ecologically–oriented economical activity and  the stable reproduction of the biological resources ).

          In the state zoological parks are marked out: the display zone -for the housing and breeding of animals and for the access of visitors; the scientific zone— for the carrying out of researches; the public zone— for the service of visitors; the administrative zone, the industrial and economic zones.

          In the state botanic gardens and in the state dendrological parks are marked out: the display zone –for the plants cultivation and for the access of visitors; the scientific zone — for the carrying out of researches and for the saving of the collections of the plants’ gene pool; the public zone— for the service of visitors; the administrative zone, the industrial and economic zones.

          In the state conservation areas are marked out: the areas with the protected regime, the areas with the preserved regime , and also with the regulable regime of the economical activity.

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